It is difficult to accept the fact that your teeth may look good, but the soft tissue around your teeth may be in trouble. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, begins as bacteria in the mouth builds up to the point where gums begin to look red and inflamed. They may also sometimes bleed. Every mouth is always full of bacteria, however our general dental treatments can help keep the bacteria in check. When food particles, along with mucous and bacteria are allowed to build up, they combine and form a plaque that adheres to teeth. Hardened plaque is called tartar. This is not easily removed by brushing or flossing. Only professional cleaning can completely remove tartar.
Left untreated, the tartar causes damage to soft tissues around the teeth. The gums begin to get inflamed and become red in color. They may also begin to bleed occasionally. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. It is reversible when treated by a professional and good oral hygiene is implemented. However, when this is not the case, it grows in severity until it becomes periodontitis. Pocket form around the teeth when the inflamed gums begin to pull away from the teeth. Toxins form as the body's immune system works to fight the disease and bacteria. These toxins affect the bone and connective tissue around the teeth. Slowly the bone breaks down, loosening the teeth.
Treatment for Periodontitis
Teeth do not need to be lost to periodontitis. The Hygienists at Precision Digital Dentistry will give your teeth a professional deep cleaning. All the plaque and tartar is removed, and pockets are measured to find out what extent of treatment is needed. Some patients experience discomfort with periodontitis. Dr. Ma will assess the situation and, if necessary, prescribe medication for pain. If there is a possibility of infection, she will address that as well. Sometimes treatment involves using a special mouthwash. A special healing material may be placed in pockets surrounding affected teeth after they are cleaned.
Deep Cleaning, Scaling and Root Planing
Special instruments are used to remove all of the hardened tartar and plaque from around the teeth. Then the teeth are scaled and planed around the root to smooth out the surface. Precision Digital Dentistry uses the best of high tech equipment to make your treatment as comfortable and expedient as possible.
It is important to keep your follow-up appointment. This visit determines how well affected areas are healing and whether or not further treatments will be needed. If you suspect you may have periodontal disease, please contact Precision Digital Dentistry today to schedule your consultation.